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Thursday, July 25, 2013 03:32 pm

If you knew sushi



It seems as if sushi is everywhere these days – in eclectic restaurants and Chinese mega-buffets that offer a bewildering (and too often badly executed) mix of cuisines as well as prefab offerings in grocery stores. I’ve even seen sushi on display in gas stations, though not in Springfield or central Illinois.

Even so, some people still have mistaken ideas about sushi, and for lots of folks there’s a gross-out factor: “Raw fish! Yuk!”

Well, not necessarily. The term “sushi” actually refers only to a method of rice preparation, one that oftentimes, but by no means always, is garnished with thinly sliced uncooked fish. Other garnishes include strips of savory omelet, cooked crab or shrimp, fried soft-shell crab, and barbecued eel (the slightly sweet teriyaki-style sauced barbequed eel is one of my favorites).

Since sushi entered mainstream American dining, options have exploded. One of the first is the California roll (cooked crab or shrimp and avocado, cucumber and Japanese pickles), Philadelphia roll (with cream cheese) and a host of other American innovations, many delicious though untraditional.

There are several types of sushi. Nigiri-zushi translates as “hand-formed.” Sushi rice is formed into an ovoid and then garnished. Another type is maki-zushi, or rolls. Most commonly, sheets of nori (pressed and dried laver, a type of seaweed) are laid on a bamboo mat, layered with sushi rice and other ingredients, and then rolled into a cylinder. Sometimes the rice is on the outside. A subset is temaki-zushi, hand rolls, for which the filled nori is rolled into a cone. Surprisingly, basic maki rolls are easier for amateur sushi makers than nigiri-zushi, though preparing any kind of sushi takes practice. An occasional maki maker, such as I, can always count on the first couple rolls looking a little ragged, though they’ll still taste good.

Master sushi chefs in Japan, who spend years perfecting their craft, are highly respected. Their creations can range from the elegantly simple to the elaborately precise. Korea also has a tradition of sushi, known as kimbap; in fact, many of the best sushi restaurants in Chicago are owned by Koreans.

About that raw fish: It must be pristinely fresh, with a silky texture and no fishy odor. When I go out for sushi, I’m looking for a place that’s busy (ensuring that ingredients are used quickly) and makes the sushi to order, at least those with a garnish of raw fish. Sushi that’s been hanging out on the buffet, looking a little dried out around the edges? No, thanks! I’m especially suspicious of discount sushi. Sushi is about quality ingredients, cooked or not. Those don’t come cheap, especially not that pristinely fresh fish.

I don’t mean to imply that a good sushi meal must be outrageously expensive, just that it can’t be fast-food cheap.

Sushi has become so popular that most non-Japanese Asian restaurants in Springfield offer it on their menus. Call me old-fashioned, but when I go to a Chinese restaurant, I want Chinese dishes, Thai food in Thai restaurants, etc. For years I avoided grocery store sushi, with the exception of sushi at Mitsuwa Marketplace, a huge Japanese “super-store” close to O’Hare Airport. A trip to Mitsuwa is about as close to being in Japan as you can get without leaving the Midwest. The food court alone is worth the visit, with multiple stalls selling house-made ramen and udon noodles, teriyaki, Japanese ice cream, and, of course, sushi.

Back in Springfield, I’ve violated my no-grocery-store sushi rule since the remodeled Montvale Schnucks installed Asian sushi-makers in their own corner of the deli department. They make sushi to order, and their premade offerings in the display case have been recently made.

I thought that I was innovative when I created a sushi-rice salad years ago. It was healthy, lots easier to prepare than maki-zushi or hand rolls (though not nearly as much fun), and my family loved it. I only recently discovered that the Japanese have been making it for years. Now my sushi salad has a Japanese name: chirashi-zushi.


Sushi salad with seared tuna

For the rice:

  • 2 c. Japanese short-grained (sushi) rice
  • 2 1/2 c. water
  • 1/3 c. seasoned rice-wine vinegar
Wash the rice in a colander under cold running water until the water runs clear. Combine the rice and water in a large saucepan and bring to a boil over high heat. Reduce the heat to low, cover the pan, and simmer the rice until all of the water has been absorbed, about 20 minutes. Alternatively, use a rice cooker according to instructions.

When the rice is cooked completely but before it becomes mushy, turn it out onto a large shallow bowl or platter, tray or sheet pan. Immediately drizzle the vinegar over the rice. Toss gently but thoroughly with a wooden spoon or spatula, being careful not to mash or break the rice grains. Cool to room temperature.

For the omelet:
  • 4 eggs
  • 2 tsp. soy sauce, preferably Kikkoman
  • 2 tsp. sugar
Whisk the eggs together with the soy sauce and sugar. Spray a nonstick pan with cooking spray and heat over high heat. Add the egg mixture and reduce heat to low. Cook until the eggs have set. Cool to room temperature, then cut the omelet into cubes or short strips.

To finish the salad:
  • 1-1 1/2 lb. tuna, at least 1 inch thick
  • 1/4-1/2 c. pickled ginger, cut into thin matchsticks
  • 2-4 c. of a variety of vegetables, according to your preference and freshness
(Suggestions: blanched snow peas, daikon radish, scallions, radishes, bean sprouts, crisp cooked green beans or asparagus, cucumber, avocado, julienned carrot, chives or garlic chives, zucchini)

Sprinkle both sides of the tuna lightly with salt. Spray a heavy skillet (preferably nonstick) with cooking spray and place over high heat. When the skillet is very hot, sear the tuna for 30 seconds to 1 minute on each side, depending on the thickness of the tuna. It should just be seared on the outside and still rare in the middle. Set aside to cool to room temperature.

Cut vegetables into bite-size pieces or thin slices as appropriate. Seed but do not peel cucumbers and zucchini. Mix pickled ginger, vegetables and omelet cubes or strips gently into the rice. Check for seasoning. You may want to add a little more seasoned rice- wine vinegar.

For garnishes and condiments:
  • 1 or 2 sheets of nori
  • Toasted sesame seeds
  • Ponzu sauce: 1/3 c. each of soy sauce (preferably Kikkoman) and lemon juice, mixed
  • Wasabi paste
Using tongs, hold the nori over a hot gas or electric burner for a few seconds to crisp it. Cool it (if using two sheets, do not stack them) then cut into thin matchsticks and set aside.

Mound the rice on a large platter. Cut the tuna into thin slices and fan them around the rice mixture. The chirashi-zushi can be made a couple of hours to this point and refrigerated, covered. Sprinkle with a handful of the thinly sliced nori and the sesame seeds. Serve the wasabi and ponzu sauce on the side. Serves 4-8.

Contact Julianne Glatz at

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