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Wednesday, March 19, 2008 01:42 am

Dangers of hand sanitizers

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The high alcohol content in gel hand sanitizers can be poisonous to children who ingest them.
PHOTO FROM “LIVING IS EASY WITH EYES CLOSED”/COURTESY FLICKR
Untitled Document Gel hand sanitizers can help lower the risk of illness, especially during cold-and-flu season, but these products can pose a risk to children if ingested. Are there safe alternatives that work just as well?

A 2005 study from Children’s Hospital in Boston compared illness rates across a study group of 292 families; half of them got hand sanitizers, and the other half were given literature advising them of the benefits of frequent handwashing. The findings revealed that those families who used hand sanitizers experienced a 59 percent reduction in gastrointestinal illnesses and that the increased use of sanitizers correlated to a decreased spread of contagions in general.
Another study, conducted at Colorado State University, yielded similar conclusions: that alcohol-based hand sanitizers were as much as twice as effective as either regular soap or antibacterial soap at reducing germs on human hands. A Purdue University study, however, concluded that although alcohol-based hand sanitizers may kill more germs than plain or triclosan-based soaps, they do not prevent more infections that make people sick. Instead, they may kill the human body’s own beneficial bacteria by stripping the skin of its outer layer of oil. The downside of the gel/alcohol products is their danger as a poison, especially for young children, who may ingest the gel by licking it off their hands or eating it directly from dispensers. Purell and Germ-X, two of the leading brands, each contain 62 percent ethyl alcohol. This alcohol is what gives the products their germ-busting power, but it also puts kids at risk of alcohol poisoning. A few squirts of the hand sanitizer — which is equivalent to124-proof booze — is enough to make a kid’s blood alcohol level 0.10, which is the equivalent of being legally drunk in most states. So what’s a concerned parent to do? Unfortunately, the so-called greener alternatives out there aren’t safe to swallow, either. EO Hand Sanitizer, for example, though it uses organic lavender oil, also contains alcohol to sanitize the skin surface and would also be considered a poison if a large enough amount was ingested. Similarly greener (but still not safe to eat) products are available from Avant and All Terrain. For now, soap and warm water — and constant nagging of your kids to wash their hands — may be the safest way to sanitize. Also, make sure that any hand-sanitizer dispensers you may still use are kept out of the reach of little hands. But who knows how we’ll be sanitizing our hands in the future. Researchers at Arizona State University have found that certain types of natural clays pulled right from the ground are highly effective at killing bacteria. One type of green clay has been shown to do a number on Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, and other bacteria known to make people sick. But the research is still in its infancy, so don’t expect to see moms pulling jars of clay from their purses anytime soon.
For more information: EO Products, www.eoproducts.com; OrganicBeautySource.com, www.organicbeautysource.com; MotherNature.com, www.mothernature.com.

Send questions to Earth Talk at P.O. Box 5098, Westport, CT 06881 or e-mail earthtalk@emagazine.com.
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