Trains, buses and stores
A 10th Street transportation center could bring Springfield together
A one-stop transportation facility in downtown Springfield filled with the buzzing of incoming and outgoing travelers looking for the quickest and most efficient methods to reach their destination.
This type of proposed facility was unveiled by the Springfield-Sangamon County Regional Planning Commission on Feb. 8 to show what a “multi-modal” hub could look like and how it could improve transportation and economic opportunities in downtown Springfield. Officials said the proposal comes with no funding, no timeline and only vague cost estimates, but is intended to generate discussion.
Norm Sims, executive director of Springfield-Sangamon County Regional Planning Commission, said the SSCRPC’s proposed multi-modal project started after the Springfield Mass Transit District showed initial interest in understanding what a multi-modal center’s impact could be on the downtown Springfield area.
“Springfield Mass Transit District originally announced they were interested in building a transit center and the possibility that passenger rail would be a part of that interested us,” Sims said. “We immediately saw that there were opportunities for transit, but also possibilities beyond that.”
The multi-modal center would combine trains, buses, taxi cabs, shuttle services and bikeways, while also serving as a retail and commercial development. The transportation center would feature a bus terminal on the west side of the rail tracks, while the rail terminal would sit along the east side. The plan allows for five inter-city and 30 intra-city buses to use the facility at the same time.
Experts say a multi-modal center on 10th Street could create jobs, make travel in Springfield easier, and provide economic opportunities to the area.
Victoria Ringer, executive director of Downtown Springfield, Inc, said that one issue with the current rail system on Third Street is that major businesses are already located there.
“You have the entire medical district, Isringhausen Imports, historic sites and not much residential housing in that area, so it affects commercial activities,” Ringer said.
Ringer said that from the presentations she has attended, there appears to be more room on the proposed 10th Street location for the double-rail tracks that would be required for the multi-modal facility, as well as for freight and high-speed rail opportunities.
Linda Tisdale, managing director of the Springfield Mass Transit District, added that the size of the blocks on Third Street is probably not big enough to accommodate a multi-modal facility.
“The street blocks over on Third Street, between the tracks on Third and Fourth, are not as big as the ones between the Ninth and 10th Street tracks,” Tisdale said. “Trying to fit a transfer center in that area might be a little more difficult. Other than that, we probably would need to have some engineering studies done about our other options.”
Tisdale also said that the 10th Street location would provide for a safer opportunity for passengers transferring to other transportation.
“Right now we are on Capitol Street, so when there are functions going on in downtown Springfield, we have to move out of that area, so we normally move our operations to Second or Jackson Street,” Tisdale said.
“If we were on 10th Street, it would eliminate those operational issues (crossing streets and watching for traffic) for our passengers. If we were off street (such as 10th Street) it would be a safer environment for our passengers to transfer from one bus to another. We wouldn’t have to relocate our operations when the city has downtown functions and we could provide better shelter for passengers waiting for transportation, while also adding additional amenities to the area.”
The SSCRPC’s proposed design for the multi-modal facility is based on the architectural style of Springfield’s Union Station, located at 500 E. Madison Street, which displays Richardson Romanesque style architecture. Richardson Romanesque style architecture is named after 18th century architect Henry Hobson Richardson, who was known for using massive stone walls, dramatic semicircular arches and dynamic amounts of interior space.
However, Sims said, the decisions on the architectural designs would be up to whoever develops the site.
SSCRPC envisions the site for the multi-modal facility lying along the 10th St. railroad corridor and bound by Ninth Street to the west, 11th Street to the east and also Washington and Jefferson Streets. The project assumed that there would be the need for at least three rail tracks at the location, with the potential expansion of up to five or more rail tracks.
The proposal comes at a time when city and county officials have suggested moving trains from Third Street to 10th Street to ease passenger traffic with the coming of high-speed Amtrak service.
In addition to the multi-modal center, a “transit-oriented development,” or TOD, would include a “mixed-use” development and a single-family housing development. “Transit-oriented development” is based on the concept that people who depend on transit systems such as bus or rail systems like to live, shop and work near transit stops.
The mixed-use development, which would use the two blocks to the south of the proposed location, would include residential and commercial uses as well as public space. This location would provide a link to Capitol Avenue, while also creating a new viewing opportunity and additional access to the Great Western Depot, where Abraham Lincoln gave his farewell speech to Springfield on Feb. 11, 1861.
The center would also feature two multi-level parking structures. The north end parking complex would provide parking for various facility employees, parking for the rail terminal and potentially rental cars. The south end parking complex would be for the bus terminal and the Sangamon County Complex, which houses the county courthouse and jail.
Along with the transportation center, the plan envisions green spaces, playgrounds, a visitors center, police station, hotel and a day care center. The complex would also be connected to the Prairie Capital Convention Center through a sky bridge, which would connect from Ninth Street to the proposed transportation site.
Having various businesses and amenities in a centralized location will not only encourage economic development in that area, but will also promote job creation.
A single-family housing development, which would use the two blocks to the east of the proposed site, would serve as a new housing opportunity, but also a link to Springfield Housing Authority’s Genesis Place project. The Genesis Place project began in 2011 and provides affordable single-family housing in a neighborhood setting. Part of the Genesis Place project replaced the Major Bird Hi-Rise at 125 N. 13th St., while the rest of the 41 units are located on Carpenter, Reynolds and Mason streets.
This project site is estimated to take up eight blocks – about 25 acres – in downtown Springfield.
Ringer said that by building a multi-modal facility on 10th Street, Springfield would see an immediate increase in business.
“The multi-modal center could provide access to a neighborhood, much like if you live in the Chicago area, where everyone wants to live near the el station,” Ringer said.
“You find your coffee shops, sandwich shops and convenience stores in these areas, so when you have a transportation hub like that and it becomes someone’s place to go to work or come home from work or to travel, that’s where businesses will start to pop up.”
Tisdale said that if the conceptual drawings by SSCRPC are used for the site it could transform downtown Springfield.
“The designs that the planning commission have come up with could really create a very beautiful space down there and it would add tremendously to the look of Springfield as visitors come in,” Tisdale said. “It would certainly make Ninth Street a much more attractive area and when you add in the green spaces (areas for visitors to walk through) it creates a very pleasant atmosphere for folks.”
In addition to improving the business climate and the visual appeal of downtown Springfield, the creation of a multi-modal center also could serve as a new source of job creation.
Leroy Jordan, chairman of the Rail Issues Task Force for the Faith Coalition for the Common Good, said that the multi-modal idea would be a great job opportunity for members of the Springfield community.
“Any business or way that we can bring jobs into our community will help the whole community,” Jordan said. “If we have members of the community working and contributing to the economic welfare of the community those are just more positives.”
Then there’s the issue of funding for the multi-modal facility.
Currently, Springfield doesn’t have enough funds for a project like this, but the multi-modal center in Bloomington-Normal, which is expected to open in July, could serve as an example of how to get the process started.
In February 2010, Normal received a federal Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) grant that accounts for $22 million of the estimated $43 million project.
The TIGER grant program, created in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, gives out federal funding for projects that combine transportation with economic development, the environment and other criteria.
Tisdale said that based on her 2009 figures the project in Springfield would cost around $48 million. She also said that SMTD has applied for grants and obtained some funding, but not enough for what it will cost to build a multi-modal facility.
“We have applied for funding and received some funding for the land acquisition and preliminary engineering work, but we currently do not have enough funding for either one or for the construction costs,” Tisdale said.
Tisdale said that if the TIGER grant program is still being funded when the final decision is made on where the high-speed rail system will go in Springfield, then “we will definitely go after those kinds of funds because it might be best at this point, given the funding mechanisms that are available.”
However, the multi-modal concept faces another hurdle.
The Republican-controlled U.S. House is likely to vote this month on the Five-Year Surface Transportation Reauthorization, which is legislation that determines how federal transportation funds are spent. The Republican-sponsored version of the bill, H.R. 7, would remove a rail relocation fund and other programs that would help Springfield, especially if high-speed rail is built through the city.
One thing is clear concerning the multi-modal center: If the tracks are not moved or consolidated from Third Street to 10th Street, then the current proposal for a multi-modal center will likely not happen.
It’s a tentative plan with no funding, no timeline for completion and no overall cost estimate, but Sims said the purpose of the presentation was to give people an idea of what could potentially become a new transportation hub, while also demonstrating some of the difficulties that could come with creating a multi-modal facility.
“We wanted to have something that would get people thinking about what some of the challenges would be, in terms of what usages the facilities would have,” Sims said. “From our end, there are also some ideas within this TOD that could potentially be used for other places, so we can start looking at those for a lot of different purposes.”
Contact Neil Schneider at firstname.lastname@example.org.